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invaluable和valuable意思相反?搞错可就尴尬了!发布日期:2019-08-02

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In many words, IN- means the opposite or “not”:

在很多单词里,IN-前缀都是相反的或“不”的意思:


inconsistent = NOT consistent 不一致的

insufficient = NOT sufficient 不足的

independent = NOT dependent 独立的,不依赖的

incorrect = NOT correct 错误的,不正确的


However, there are some exceptions that might be confusing

但其实并不是所有的词都是这样,也是有例外的


VALUABLE VS. INVALUABLE


If something is valuable, it means it is worth a lot of money, or is very important. A gold necklace is valuable – it might cost $1,000.


如果某物是valuable,意思是它值很多钱,或者非常重要。一条金项链很值钱——可能要1000美元。



You might imagine that invaluable means “not valuable” – but that’s not true! The word invaluable means extremely valuable; the value is so great that it is impossible to measure. A unique and famous painting like the Mona Lisa is invaluable.


你可能自然而然地就认为invaluable的意思是没有价值,但事实并非如此!Invaluable的意思是极其贵重的;它的价值是如此之大,以致于无法衡量。像《蒙娜丽莎》这样独一无二,举世无双的画作是无价的。



You can also describe non-physical things as invaluable – for example, if someone gave you advice that drastically changed your life for the better, you could say that their advice was invaluable – it was SO valuable and SO important that it’s impossible to measure how much it was worth.


你也可以把非物质的东西描述为无价之宝,例如,如果有人给你的建议彻底改变了你的生活,你可以说他们的建议是无价之宝——它是如此贵重并且重要以至于无法去衡量它的价值。


valuable / væljʊb(ə)l/ adj. 贵重的;有价值的;可估价的

invaluable /ɪn væljʊ(ə)b(ə)l/ adj. 无法估计的, 非常宝贵的


FAMOUS VS. INFAMOUS


The adjective famous describes someone or something that a lot of people know about.

形容词famous描述的是很多人都知道的人或事。



Does infamous mean the opposite, “not famous”? No! Infamous means being famous for a BAD reason. For example, a criminal who has robbed 10 big banks would be an infamous bank robber – a lot of people know about him, but it’s because of something negative, because of his bad behavior.


那infamous就是它的反义词“不出名”的意思吗?不是!Infamous的意思是因为不好的原因而出名。例如,一个抢劫了10家大银行的罪犯会是一个臭名昭著的银行抢劫犯——很多人都知道他,但这是因为一些负面的东西,因为他的坏行为。



A person is infamous when they have a very bad reputation that is known by a lot of people. We can also use this word for things that are not people. 


当一个人有很多人都知道的坏名声时,他就是臭名昭著的。我们也可以用这个词来形容非人类的事物。


If there’s a city that has terrible traffic all the time, we can talk about the infamous traffic jams there – again, well-known for a bad reason.


如果有一个城市的交通一直很糟糕,我们可以说那里有臭名昭著的交通状况,由于众所周知的一个坏事情而被周知。

famous / feɪməs/ adj. 著名的;[口]极好的,非常令人满意的

infamous / ɪnfəməs/ adj. 无耻的;声名狼藉的;邪恶的;不名誉的


Note that there’s a pronunciation difference as well:

注意一下这两个词发音上的不同:

FA-mous (“a” like in “name”, stress on “FA”)

a像是name里a的发音,重音在fa

IN-fa-mous (“a” sounds like “uh”, stress on “IN”)

a像是uh的发音,比较轻,重音在in

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